Blood pressure is the force in which blood pumps through the arteries. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is when this force is very high. Constant high blood pressure means that the heart is forced to pump blood faster and with more force than it should be. If left untreated, this high blood pressure can cause other health complications such as a heart attack, stroke, heart failure and aneurysms.


Hypertension is one of the most common cardiovascular conditions. While there is no identifiable cause, it is more common among those who are over 65 years of age, are stressed, indulge in alcohol, are overweight or obese and have a history of hypertension in the family.

High blood pressure may be primary or secondary. While primary hypertension tends to develop gradually over many years, secondary hypertension is caused by an underlying condition or its medications such as kidney problems, thyroid problems, sleep apnoea or medications such as birth control pills, cold remedies, decongestants and over-the-counter pain relievers.


Hypertension is often called "the silent killer" because it rarely causes symptoms and may go unnoticed by many who have the condition. Some may experience shortness of breath, headaches and nosebleeds if this condition has become very severe.

The constant force of high blood pressure can, however, damage the arteries and lead to life-threatening complications if left untreated, including vision problems, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure and heart failure. For this reason, if Dr Kenaope will test your blood pressure whenever you come for a health assessment to ensure he can treat the condition before it becomes life-threatening.